Flora and Fauna Spotting

Gunung Leuser National Park is a large national park covering 950,000 hectares in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, straddling the border of the provinces of North Sumatra and Aceh.

Seeing the orangutans is a magical experience. In Bukit Lawang, you can usually see them near the rehabilitation centre and at the feeding platform during the morning and afternoon feeding sessions. The best experience is an encounter in the jungle where there are many semi-wild and wild animals. The wild orangutan can be difficult to spot unless you go deep into the jungle. There are also white and black gibbons that make an amazing noise calling out to each other, and Thomas Leaf monkeys.

We cannot guarantee that any animal will be seen during your booked trek. But don’t be afraid, until now our guests never have been disappointed! Usually orangutans, white and black gibbons, Thomas leaf monkeys, macaques and a lot of birds, reptiles or insects are very frequent along our tours. If you are really lucky, but since there are very few still alive it is very improbable, you will encounter the Sumatran Tiger or the Sumatran Rhinoceros during your long expedition.
Great apes orangutans are only found in the wild on the island of Sumatra and Borneo, and now are in danger of extinction. Their habitat is fast disappearing through uncontrolled illegal logging activities, as well as their home forests converted into plantations and settlements. They were also hunted down and were locked up on cages, said Dr. Sri Sacred Utami Atmoko, biologists and conservation of orangutans. The population of Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii) and Borneo orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) now left in the wild is estimated to be only 65,000, as reports Kompas daily.

Dr. Holy Atmoko now estimates that the population of orangutans in Sumatra, now numbering about 7,500, will be reduced by half within a decade, and 97 percent in 50 years, if nothing is done to halt the loss of their habitat. After that these species will become extinct.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has listed 1,000 species in the Sumatran jungle that are in a position of “seriously threatened”, and that conservation intervention is urgent to do.

In addition, the loss of forest habitat creates many problems in the effort to release the monkey back to nature. Now there are about 800 orangutans at a rehabilitation center waiting to be released and returned to the wild. Orangutans can not be released just in any forest, because they must be released at a place that was once the old forest habitat of orangutans. In addition, the communities in which they are released also have to accept them and be educated in conservation. Through the promotion of eco-tourism, the public can gain economic benefits from their involvement in the conservation of orangutans.

SOS and OIC have produced a Guidebook to the Gunung Leuser National Park. The book will be used by forest guides and visitors, and will also be of interest to anyone wishing to learn more about the park and conservation.

The book covers a broad introduction to the national park, the fauna and flora, and current threats to the fragile ecosystem. It takes an in-depth look at the ecology and conservation status of the Sumatran orangutan, as well as the benefits of ecotourism, and the problems that can arise from its mismanagement.

Take a look for more detailed information at here